In a clash between the clergy and the Third Estate the middle classes, artisans, and peasants on the subject of the relationship between the crown and the papacy, he played a conciliatory role, and he was prominent in moves of the clergy to persuade the Third Estate that the decrees of the Council of Trent should be promulgated.
Richelieu was a playwright and musician of some talent, and his establishment of the French Academy is one of his best-remembered achievements.
While he continued to monitor the reports about the USE coming from his spies, and knew of the upheaval caused by Axel Oxenstiernahe knew that he could do nothing to influence events in the USE.
Richelieu began aiding Habsburg Spainhoping to involve Spain in a more directly in Germanya situation he'd previously avoided. This inspired in him the ambition to restore the honour of his house and evoked in him the sense of grandeur he was to attribute vicariously to France. He promoted products and industries that could give France an export advantage and discouraged imports of luxury goods.
Because he was below the canonical age for consecration upon the completion of his studies, he needed a papal dispensation. In order to force Spain to make a settlement, Mazarin continued the war and formed an alliance with England March 23,surrendering to the English the fort of Dunkirkwhich had been captured from the Spaniards after the Battle of the Dunes June 14, Inhe abolished the position of Constable of France and ordered all fortified castles razed, excepting only those needed to defend against invaders.
Peace with Spain was finally negotiated in a general treaty signed on Nov. Cardinal Richelieu made an appearance in the Dinosaur King anime series' second season for a few episodes as an antagonist.
The Cardinal deployed troops to Valtellina, from which the Pope's garrisons were driven out. To Richelieu the Huguenots constituted a state within a state, with the civil government of major cities in their hands and considerable military force at their disposal.
Earlier, the nation's political structure was largely feudal, with powerful nobles and a wide variety of laws in different regions. He also relied on his family, which he extended by carefully arranging marriages of his nieces and cousins into great families.
At the end of the assembly, the First Estate the clergy chose him to deliver the address enumerating its petitions and decisions. The queen mother wanted the king to help Richelieu become a cardinal; she hoped to control royal policy through the influence Richelieu would have as a member of the Cardinal Richelieu.
The play "Richelieu"; Or the "Conspiracy", by the late Edward Bulwer-Lytton, portrayed Richelieu uttering the now famous line, "The pen is mightier than the sword. The theocratic concept of the state that resulted from his notion of kingship caused Richelieu to regard heresy as political dissidence, and he harried the apparently unorthodox, such as the first Jansenistson the ground that they disturbed the spiritual and secular orders, just as he harried the recalcitrant nobles and stamped out dueling.
Richelieu, however, responded aggressively; after La Rochelle capitulated, he personally led the French army to northern Italy to restrain Spain. Sincethat role has been fulfilled by the French head of state.
In response, Richelieu raised the gabelle salt tax and the taille land tax. This man thanks to his brilliant brain and extraordinary abilities come to dominate France from to His justification for war was the same as that for rigorous domestic discipline: Richelieu did not survive to the end of the Thirty Years' War.
He was the most prominent clergyman to support the adoption of the decrees of the Council of Trent throughout France; the Third Estate commoners was his chief opponent in this endeavour.
The theocratic concept of the state that resulted from his notion of kingship caused Richelieu to regard heresy as political dissidence, and he harried the apparently unorthodox, such as the first Jansenistson the ground that they disturbed the spiritual and secular orders, just as he harried the recalcitrant nobles and stamped out dueling.
As a result, Richelieu was hated by most of the nobility. Yet Richelieu was prepared to tolerate this religious dissent so long as it did not amount to a political challenge. His doctors continued to bleed him frequently, further weakening him.
Given the tense internal political situation, he had to keep what reliable troops he had close at hand. Portrayals in fiction[ edit ] As of Aprilthe Internet Movie Database listed ninety-four films and television programs in which Cardinal Richelieu is a character.
Four years later the title of first minister was to be created for this office. Four warships of the French Navy.
Career as first minister of France. Richelieu also sought to crush the Abrabanel family both in Thuringia and elsewhere, and the Croat attack was designed to target Jews. He was consecrated as a bishop in and was appointed Foreign Secretary in Emmanuel-Armand de Richelieu, duc d'Aiguillon (–), statesman, nephew of the marshal Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, (–), statesman, grandson of the marshal Duke of Richelieu, a title in the peerage of France created for Cardinal Richelieu.
Cardinal Richelieu - French Cardinal: French statesman and first minister of France (), born in Richelieu, France. A protégé of the queen mother, Marie de Medici, he became minister of state in Cardinal Richelieu devoted himself to securing French leadership in Europe and increasing King Louis XIII's (–) power within France.
Early life Armand-Jean du Plessis de Richelieu was born on September 9,in Paris, fourth of the five children of François du Plessis, the lord of Richelieu, and Suzanne de La teachereducationexchange.com: Dec 04, Cardinal Richelieu Biography Armand Jean du Plessis, commonly known as Cardinal Richelieu, was a French noble, statesman and clergyman.
This biography of Cardinal Richelieu profiles his childhood, life, career, achievements and teachereducationexchange.com Of Birth: Paris. Jules, Cardinal Mazarin: Jules, Cardinal Mazarin, first minister of France after Cardinal de Richelieu’s death in During the early years of King Louis XIV, he completed Richelieu’s work of establishing France’s supremacy among the European powers and crippling the opposition to the power of the monarchy at home.
Armand Jean du Plessis, commonly known as Cardinal Richelieu, was a French noble, statesman and clergyman. This biography of Cardinal Richelieu profiles his childhood, life, career, achievements and teachereducationexchange.com Of Birth: Paris.Download